Ballet is a kind of dance form. It is an art performed by trained similar dancers. It is generally performed in theatres on a stage for a given audience. The dance makes use of beautiful costumes, background designs, and lightings. The dance tells a story and reflects thoughts and emotions.
It is a highly technical and typical dance that cannot be performed easily. But the dance is magical and very exciting to be seen. The dance is based on a vocabulary inspired by French terms. The ballet dance gained a lot of popularity worldwide when it was first introduced during the fifteenth century.
Various schools and academies teach this dance to interested people globally. They have also included their culture and ways in this style. Thus, this form of art has been evolved in many ways since the past years.
Different Types Of Ballet Dance:
These types of ballet dances describe a story in full action. They include a narrative, different characters with the beginning and climax of the story. Two popular examples of story ballets are ‘The Nutcracker’ and ‘The Sleeping Beauty.’ They were created in the 1800s. Due to the popularity and charm of ballets, some novels and classical literature have also been adapted into ballets.
No Narrative Ballets
These ballets do not describe a story. They use body movements and some elements of the theatre to entertain the audience. They use images and music to provoke emotions in the audience.
Different Styles Of Ballet:
Classical is the most popular and preferable style of the dance. This style of ballet reached its peak during the time of the 19th century in Russia. The classical ballets were performed on beautiful classical music to mesmerize the audience. Two best examples of the classical form of this art – ‘The Nutcracker’ and ‘Swan Lake.’ Elements included in this style are:
- Graceful dance and flowing movements of the body
- Pointe work
- Focus on describing story and plot
- Specially designed and creative costumes
- Sophisticated sets and stage set up
The non-classical style of ballet arrived late in the 20th century. Its elements are:
- Off-balance dance
- No story or plot
- Usually, wind up in one act
- More speed, energy, and fast movements
- Simple stage set-up and scenery
- Simple costumes such as tights and leotards
The contemporary style of the dance is based on the modern form of dance. Several choreographers are popularly working as contemporary dancers such as Paul Taylor, Dwight Rhoden, etc. Its elements are:
- Pointe shoes but barefoot
- Turn-in of legs
- Floor work
- Increased range of body movements
Romantic ballets earned popularity during the Romantic era. The pointwork was used in this style of dancing. There was a dominance of female dancers to express innocence, softness, and delicate feelings.
The storyline of various romantic ballets was based on ghosts, spirit women, witches, sylphs, etc. Under the plot, they used to enslave men and hypnotize their senses. The two best examples are- ‘La Sylphide’ and ‘Coppelia.’ Elements of romantic ballet are:
- Pointe work
- Soft movements and expressions
- Intense emotions